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The social model of disability is a way of viewing the world, developed by disabled people.
The model says that people are disabled by barriers in society, not by their impairment or difference. Barriers can be physical, like buildings not having accessible toilets. Or they can be caused by people's attitudes to difference, like assuming disabled people can't do certain things.
The social model helps us recognise barriers that make life harder for disabled people. Removing these barriers creates equality and offers disabled people more independence, choice and control.
Scope's Everyday Equality strategy is based on the social model of disability. Not everyone uses the social model and that’s ok.
Negative attitudes based on prejudice or stereotype (sometimes called disablism) can stop disabled people from having equal opportunities.
Examples of negative attitudes include assuming that disabled people can’t work, that they can’t have children, that they shouldn’t live independently or that they can’t have sex.
The social model of disability says that disability is caused by the way society is organised, rather than by someone's impairment. The medical model of disability says people are disabled by their impairments or differences.
The medical model looks at what is 'wrong' with the person, not what the person needs. It creates low expectations and leads to people losing independence, choice and control in their lives.
Find out how @Scope is helping people to feel more confident about disability. Help us #EndTheAwkward http://bit.ly/2egoZQx