Coronavirus health guidelines and risk
Coronavirus is more dangerous if you have certain health conditions.
Find out how the government guidelines apply to you if you have health conditions or rely on others for support.
Coronavirus guidance (GOV.UK)
Warning Restrictions where you live
To protect yourself and others, do not leave your home if you or someone you live with has coronavirus symptoms. The NHS calls this ‘self-isolating’.
How long to self-isolate (NHS)
Call 111 if you’re worried about symptoms or other health conditions that may put you at a higher risk.
Check if you have coronavirus symptoms (NHS)
Self-isolating is a legal requirement. You could be fined if you do not stay at home after:
- a positive coronavirus test result
- or NHS Test and Trace tells you to self-isolate because someone you’ve been in contact with has tested positive
Legal requirements for self-isolation (GOV.UK)
People at higher risk
Your symptoms may be more serious if you get coronavirus if you are over 70, pregnant or have:
- a lung condition like asthma, emphysema or bronchitis
- conditions that affect the brain and nerves like Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy
- a heart problem
- a kidney or liver disease
- a spleen problem like sickle cell disease
- a weakened immune system because of conditions, such as HIV and AIDS, or medicines like steroid tablets or chemotherapy
- a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or above (obese)
You must be strict with following social distancing guidelines if you're in the higher risk group.
Contact your GP or healthcare team if your condition is not listed and you’re worried about your risk.
Advice for people at higher risk (NHS)
People who are extremely vulnerable to coronavirus
Coronavirus is more dangerous if you have a serious condition. You’re considered extremely vulnerable if you:
- have a serious lung condition like cystic fibrosis or severe asthma
- have a condition or are taking medicine where you’re more likely to get infections
- have had an organ transplant
- have blood or bone marrow cancer or are having certain cancer treatment
- are pregnant and have a serious heart condition
Definition of clinically extremely vulnerable (GOV.UK)
Warning The NHS should have contacted you
You should have received a letter or phone call if you’re considered extremely vulnerable.
Contact your GP or the NHS if you’re worried about your risk.
NHS 111 Online
Last reviewed by Scope on: 05/01/2021
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