Normally you do not have to talk about your condition or impairment at work. It’s your choice who you tell and how much you tell them. Talking about your condition may help in some situations, but not others.
Here are some tactics that disabled people have used to make working life more comfortable.
Talking about your condition
People may be curious about your condition and how you manage it. It's up to you how much you want to say. Be as honest and open as you feel comfortable with.
If people do not respond well, remember that it’s not your responsibility to change people’s attitudes to disability. Some colleagues may be more introverted or awkward, or they may just be too busy to talk.
If you work with someone who is disabled, you could ask them how they talk to colleagues.
If you are concerned that a meeting might not be accessible to you, say:
"By the way, I've got a speech impairment so just ask me to repeat myself if you do not understand me."
"Just so you know, I'm visually impaired so I may not be able to read your presentation. Please can you email the slides to me ahead of time? Also, do not be surprised if you see me using my monocular."
Talking about your condition can help you to feel more in control. It may also help to put your colleagues at ease. But you do not have to answer questions you’re not comfortable with.
Talking to your manager
If you are concerned about how people act around you at work, speak to your manager. There are various ways you could help your colleagues understand how they need to work with you. You could:
write an email introducing yourself and mentioning what support you need to attend a meeting or do your work
offer to write a blog for the staff intranet or a newsletter
Ask your manager if you need support to do your work. This could mean getting what the law calls reasonable adjustments.
If you have specific concerns about how you are being treated, discuss this with your manager.
Some people are more awkward with disabled people than others. If your manager's attitude to you affects your work, talk to the next level of management or the HR department.
If things are still awkward...
Some people may react negatively to you, even when you try hard to make them feel comfortable. Remember that it’s not your responsibility to change everybody's attitudes towards disability. But if you feel that relationships at work are becoming hostile or you’re being bullied, it could be disability discrimination.