Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder symptoms include

  • difficulties with social interaction
  • unusual patterns of thought and behaviour

ASD and associated conditions

Some people might have associated conditions; while others might not. These can include:

The challenges for children with Asperger’s syndrome at school may include

  • Understanding emotions of others
  • Being unable to empathise with another person, either in real life or in a story
  • Responding to requests
  • Coping with noise
  • Making eye contact
  • Being close to other children, for example in a line or working at a table
  • Coping with change in their routine, including school trips and changes of staff
  • Focusing on work they do not see as relevant
  • Not understanding idioms or expressions
  • Working as part of a team
  • Understanding the difference between fact and fiction, in stories and in reality
  • Using advanced vocabulary but often without the understanding of the words or context
  • Having obsessions about particular things (cars, toys or characters from a book)
  • A dislike of physical contact
  • A dislike of clutter, too much bright colour and a dislike of florescent lights
  • A child with Asperger’s syndrome will find the change to secondary school stressful. They will not find it easy to cope with new teachers and pupils
  • Undiagnosed Colour Vision Deficiencies (colour blindness)

Autism resources

This page was last reviewed in January 2018 by Professor Bernard Dan, Editor in Chief, Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology.

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