Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder symptoms include

  • difficulties with social interaction
  • unusual patterns of thought and physical behaviour

ASD and associated conditions

Some people might have associated conditions; while others might not. These can include:

The main challenges for children with Asperger’s syndrome

  • Communication (both listening and expressing themselves)
  • Understanding their emotions and even the most basic emotions of others. Being unable to empathise with another person, either in real life or in a story
  • Responding to requests
  • Coping with noise, whether from people, machines or fire alarms
  • Making eye contact
  • Being close to other children, for example in a line or working at a table
  • Responding to praise
  • Coping with change in their routine or work area, including school trips and changes of staff
  • Focusing on work they do not see as relevant
  • Literality of speech (not understanding idioms or expressions)
  • Taking turns
  • Working as part of a team
  • Understanding the difference between fact and fiction, in stories and in reality
  • Using advanced vocabulary but often without the understanding of the words or context
  • Having obsessions about particular things (cars, toys or characters from a book)
  • Hurting someone, often just to get a reaction, without understanding what this feels like for the other person
  • A dislike of physical contact
  • A dislike of clutter, too much bright colour and a dislike of florescent lights
  • A child with Asperger’s syndrome will find the change to secondary school stressful. They will not find it easy to cope with new teachers and pupils
  • Undiagnosed Colour Vision Deficiencies (colour blindness)

Autism resources

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