Disability discrimination is when someone puts you at a disadvantage because of your condition or impairment. This could include:
your employer not providing reasonable adjustments that would help you to do your job
an employer withdrawing a job offer when they learn of your condition
your employer firing you due to disability-related absences
workplace bullying because you are disabled
The Equality Act 2010 protects people from discrimination in the workplace. It defines a disabled person as someone with “a physical or mental impairment, and the impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on [their] ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities".
Types of disability discrimination
Discrimination is when someone puts you at a disadvantage because of your condition. There are different types of disability discrimination.
When a disabled person is treated less favourably because of their impairment or condition. For example, if you do not get a place on a training course because your employer assumes it would be difficult for you to get there.
When a workplace process or rule inadvertently disadvantages a disabled person, like the work canteen not being accessible.
When a colleague makes offensive remarks about disability.
Failure to make reasonable adjustments
There is no set definition of what is 'reasonable', it depends on the job and the employer. But if something is easy and inexpensive to do, and your employer has not done it, this could be disability discrimination.
You can face discrimination at any stage of employment.
If you are not selected for interview because of your condition. This can be difficult to prove.
If you do not get adjustments at interview after you ask for them, this could be discrimination. Your interviewer is not allowed to ask you about your condition or how it affects you, except in very limited circumstances. These include discussing adjustments you may need to perform as well as others in the recruitment process, or your ability to do the core aspects of the job.
If your employer does not make reasonable adjustments to enable you to do your job, it could be discrimination. Reasonable adjustments can include flexible working and different duties.
If you do not get a promotion or a pay rise because you are disabled, this is discrimination.
It may be discrimination if you are fired due to disability-related absences.
What you can do if you face discrimination
1. Start with a chat
If you face discrimination at work, talk to a manager as soon as possible.
2. Raise a grievance
If you cannot resolve this informally, try raising a grievance. This is a complaint that should follow your employer's formal procedure. Ask HR if you do not know where to find information about it.
Raising a grievance usually involves writing a letter with details of the discrimination. Your employer’s grievance policy should explain what you need to do. It will also tell you how long each stage of the procedure should take. If you are unfairly treated for raising a grievance, this is also discrimination.
3. Get independent advice
If raising a grievance does not help, seek advice. Your union may be able to help you or act as a mediator.
Tribunals are a last resort and can be stressful. Think carefully before going ahead. The time limit for making a discrimination claim at a tribunal is 3 months less a day from the date when the discrimination happened.
Keep notes of any conversations and copies of any emails so you can show that you tried to follow your employer's procedures and find a solution.