Finding respite care (short breaks) when you look after a disabled child
Respite care, also called short breaks, is temporary care that lets you take a break from looking after your child. This could mean:
- help at home during the day, evenings or at weekends, sometimes called ‘home care’ or ‘replacement care’
- support for your child to do fun activities
- care overnight, either at home or somewhere else so that you can sleep
Some local authorities often pay for respite care but some parents apply for grants or pay themselves, if they can.
Help from your local authority
Local authorities must publish all services available to support disabled children, and their families in the area. This is called the 'Local Offer’. It covers education, health and social care services.
Your Local Offer must include respite care, usually called short break services. Short break services includes organised activities as well as full residential and overnight care.
Find family and childcare services in your area
Your local authority will assess your child’s needs. They will also offer to assess your needs as a parent carer. These assessments will vary by area, and may be called a ‘carer’s assessment’, ‘parent carer’s assessment’ or a ‘children in need assessment’.
Email your local authority to ask for a full assessment.
Needs assessments (contact.org.uk)
Carer’s assessments (Carers UK)
You are entitled to support an assessment if your child is a ‘child in need'
The law defines ‘children in need’ as children under 18 years who either:
- will not meet or maintain a reasonable standard of health or development without local authority support
- are disabled as defined under the Equality Act 2010
This right comes under the Children Act 1989.
Your rights to respite care as a carer
You do not need to have an emergency to get respite care. It’s there to help you:
- care for your disabled child more effectively
- do training or leisure activities by yourself
- look after other children in your family
- do everyday tasks at home
Asking for respite care does not mean you’re saying that you cannot cope.
Your rights to respite care as a carer come under the Children Act 1989, Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 and Breaks for Carers of Disabled Children Regulations 2011.
Your local authority must give you care if their assessment shows that you need it
Your local authority cannot say it’s their policy to refuse to provide a certain type of care or to limit support.
For example, it would be unlawful for your council to say that because of their policy, they cannot give you:
- more than 8 hours of care a week
- overnight care
You have the right to an assessment if you ask for one
You can still get support without a diagnosis of a specific condition if your paediatrician or doctor has identified your child's additional needs. You do not need a diagnosis for your child. This right comes under the Children Act (1989).
Sometimes, local authorities in England offer a personal budget in the form of direct payments so that you can pay for services.
Paying a carer directly means that you are an employer. Your local authority may provide a direct payment service to make this easier.
It’s your choice. You get to decide if you want to manage direct payments or ask the council to arrange services for you.
You can ask for:
- the local authority to organise all services
- some service to be arranged by the local authority, and pay for other services using direct payments
- direct payments and arrange all services yourself
Last reviewed by Scope on: 23/10/2018